Rectal prolapse describes a condition where the wall of the rectum turns itself inside out and protrudes through the anus. This becomes visible outside the body as a red to pink, projection from the anus. This condition occurs in both sexes, but is more common in women than men.
Several factors are thought to contribute to the development of rectal prolapse. These include:
The symptoms of rectal prolapse include:
Your doctor can diagnose rectal prolapse by asking questions about your symptoms and by doing a thorough physical exam. To demonstrate the prolapse you may be asked to “strain” as if having a bowel movement. In some cases, however, the prolapse may not be evident externally and special tests may be required. One such test is defecography, which is a series of X-rays (like a motion picture) to evaluate the rectum and anal sphincter during a bowel movement.
Rectal prolapse always requires surgical correction. Various surgical options exist depending on state of disease and state of patient.